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Home » , » Symbiosis [Mutualism, Commensalim, Parasitism]

Symbiosis [Mutualism, Commensalim, Parasitism]

Symbiosis is a close relationship between two living things, divided into three main categories; Mutualism, Commensalism, and  Parasitism.

 Mutualism, when both species involved benefit from the relationship.
o       For example, the symbiosis between a buffalo with starlings. Buffaloes gain with endless ticks on her, while starlings feel lucky because getting food such as fleas.
o       Another example is the relationship between butterflies or bees with flowering plants. Butterflies and bees need nectar found in flowers as food. Flowers need butterfly or bee to help the process of pollination.

Commensalism, when one species benefits and the other isn’t affected.
o       For example, the symbiosis between the shark with remora fish. Remora fish which swim near the shark's body will contribute to roam wherever the shark was gone. Remora fish to be safe from the threat of other predatory fish because fish prey afraid of sharks. As for the shark, remora fish presence or absence does not affect him.
o       Another example is Commensalism symbiotic relationship between ferns or orchids with large trees and sea anemones with clown fish.
 Parasitism, when one species benefits, and the other is harmed in the process.
o       For example, the relationship between the parasites of citrus, flowers raflesia with its host, and the flea with the animals where he lived. Parasite feel lucky because getting food from citrus, citrus while impaired due to food taken by the parasite.
o       Raflesia sucking food made their host plants. Consequently, raflesia can flourish, while their host plants over time will die.
o       Lice obtain food by sucking the blood of its host animal's body, while the animals were seized in the skin feel itchy and unhealthy growth.

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